Tennis Scoring Explained

Tennis rules and regulations regarding the scoring system are a tad complicated. Additionally, the terms are weird to say the least. Yet, we will attempt this article along the following lines. We shall first start with the scoring terms and then follow it up with the rules of scoring. In the end, the article will conclude with a note on tie breakers, just to explain the system a little better.

Scoring Terms

The game of tennis has some very inexplicable tennis scoring terms. For one thing, when the scorer exclaims, ‘Love all, start!’, she is not passing on a message to the world, but is simply stating the fact that both players are starting with zero points each. So, love means zero then, but what in the world are 15, 30, 40, game, and deuce? A normal game of tennis is played in four points for a game. The first point earned is known as 15 to the winners name, the second point is 30 and the penultimate point is 40. After a 40, a win results in a ‘game’. All points are called with the server’s points being called first and the receivers points coming second. In other words, when Roger Federer is serving against Rafael Nadal and the scoreboard reads as 40 – 30, you can decipher the message that Roger is on 40 and Nadal on 30. (You can also conclude that since Nadal has come so close to deuce on a Roger serve, they must be playing on clay!)

Deuce is used to refer to a state where both the players have won three points each (that is, it is 40 all). When there is a deuce, the players will be playing for two more points instead of one. The player winning the first point will have what is

How Do the ATP Tennis Rankings Work?

Most tennis fans are seen scratching their heads when they learn that their favorite player has dropped down the rankings, even though they did not lose any tournaments in the past few weeks. For those who do not try to understand how the ATP ranks tennis players, it can be downright confusing to see players move up and down the rankings, irrespective of the tournaments they play, or for that matter, don’t play.

Well, if you thought that professional tennis players were ranked randomly, think again. There is a confusing system in place that decides which ranking a player gets, and in the following paragraphs, we try to explain that in a very simple manner.

How are Tennis Players Ranked by the ATP?

As mentioned, the ATP ranking system is a bit confusing to explain properly. Of course, a player gets points for the tournaments he plays in, and the points for those tournaments keep increasing as the player progresses in the tournament. For example, consider a tournament which has four rounds, a quarter final, a semi-final, and then the final. Players will receive more points the further they advance in the tournament. So, a first round loser might get 5 points, while a semi-final loser might get 200 points. The winner, of course, gets the highest number of points. The points are ATP Ranking Points, and are used to determine the rankings for the year.

Unfortunately, it’s not that simple though. There are two or three more twists to this ranking system that can boggle the mind. The first twist is that there are different tournaments that offer different points. For example, Grand Slams offer 2000 ATP Ranking points to the winner, while ATP World Tour 250 Events offer just 250 points to the winner. Of course, there are just the four Grand

Longest Tennis Match

On June 24, 2010, John Isner created history by defeating Nicolas Mahut to win what was the longest match of lawn tennis ever played. It was the ‘longest’ in terms of duration as well as the total number of games played. That was quite surprising as the introduction of tiebreaker in 1973 reduced the average duration of tennis matches by a significant margin. The fact that there is no tiebreaker in the 5th set in Wimbledon was the most prominent factor, along with various other factors of course, which caused this match to go on for 11 hours and 5 minutes over a period of 3 days.

The Records for the Longest Tennis Match

The most memorable part of Wimbledon 2010, Day 4, was the fact that the seemingly never-ending match came to an end with the defeat of French qualifier, Nicolas Mahut at the hands of 23rd seeded American, John Isner. At the end of the match, which went on for 3 days, the scoreboard read 6 – 4, 3 – 6, 6 – 7 (7 – 9), 7 – 6 (7 – 3), 70 – 68. Given below are some interesting facts about what can be termed as one of the most interesting games in the history of tennis for several reasons.

The match between John Isner (USA) and Nicolas Mahut (FRA) began on June 22, the second day of Wimbledon 2010, on Court 18 at 6:13 pm British Summer Time. After 4 sets, with scores tied on 2 sets each, the game was brought to an abrupt halt due to bad light. It resumed on June 23 and went throughout the day only to be stopped in the evening, once again due to bad light. At this point of time, the match was already in the 5th set with scores

The Story of Wimbledon

Wimbledon is the oldest tennis tournament in the world. It is considered to be the most prestigious too. This is mainly due to its glorious tradition. What makes Wimbledon unique is the fact that, it is the only Grand Slam played on a grass court. It starts towards the end of June and extends into July. During this time, finest tennis players from all over the world come to a region in the outskirts of London, called Wimbledon. The players battle each other out for a total prize money of $22.1 million. Knowing this, let’s delve deep into the course of events that took place at Wimbledon.

History of Wimbledon

It may sound like an exaggeration, but Wimbledon can be considered as the birthplace and school of tennis. As a matter of fact, the history of tennis begins from Wimbledon. It is the place where most of the rules in tennis, that we have now, were formed. It has completed over a hundred years, giving the world of tennis new legends.

Beginning of the Wimbledon Championship: Around 1873, major Walter Clopton Wingfield introduced Sphairistike. By making certain adaptations, indoor tennis was played on grass, this was Sphairistike. This game gained huge popularity and several sports clubs in London started facilitating it. People started calling it lawn tennis, because it is played on grass. The growing fame of the sport prompted the All England Croquet Club, in Wimbledon, to incorporate this game. The club was renamed All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club in 1877. In the same year, it announced a lawn tennis championship.

The First Wimbledon Championship: The opening day of the Wimbledon championship was on 9th of July 1877. The tournament was affected by changing schedules. The final of the tournament was attended by 200 people, who were charged a shilling each.

Tennis Rules and Regulations

Like any sport, tennis is also ruled by some strict rules and regulations. Any tennis player found guilty of breaching these rules is subject to disciplinary action by the governing body of the court where the match is being played. It is expected that all the players know the tennis rules before they go to play professional tennis, anywhere in the world. For the entire set of tennis rules, you may have to grab a copy of the official tennis rules and regulations dossier, of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). The ITF has a ‘Rules of Tennis Committee’, which helps it make and implement these rules. Let us have a look at some of the rules and regulations in this article.

Rules and Regulations of Tennis
The rules of tennis extend from court rules all the way to the tennis rules of the game during play. Below is a relatively cropped-up list of tennis rules and regulations, some general and some game related. We will not go into the details of the rules governing the tennis court dimensions, the fixtures on court and the sizes and lengths of various things. We will just get to business and see the rules that you should know as a tennis player.

Tennis Gear
As with most sports, when playing professional tennis, the tennis players are expected to wear proper tennis shoes. This rule was made to protect the tennis court from blemishes and tread marks. Black-soled shoes are not allowed on the court, as they may leave blemishes on the court.

Tennis Rackets
A tennis racket is only legal if it has all the stitches attached and unbroken, does not have any energy source attached that can affect the play and does not have more than one set of stringed

Basic Tennis Shots

Think about the players who were as cool as a cucumber, yet dispatched every opponent that came their way, and the names that come to mind are Pete Sampras, Roger Federer, and Chris Evert. Talking about power tennis, who else than Serena Williams, Maria Sharapova, Rafael Nadal, and Novak Djokovic! And then there was Boris Becker, who dived around everywhere on the court, never to be counted out of a point. Looking at these stars playing, one might think, tennis isn’t such a difficult game after all! Trust me, it’s not as easy at it looks, and these players trained their hearts out and had the passion in them to reach the levels that they did. To succeed in anything, one first needs to get the basics right. The same goes for the game of tennis too.

So here are all the basic shots that are played in this wonderful game, be it on a grass court, clay court, or a hard court.


This is the basic and most important shot in every player’s game, and also one of the first shots that almost everyone learns to master. The racket is held with a locked and firm grip, and the shot is played on the correct side (right side for a right-handed player and left side for a left-handed player), by swinging the racket from behind to front, directing it towards where the ball needs to be hit. This shot has one continuous swing, and the speed is determined by how far the player swings the racket from behind the ball. For the greatest effect, this shot should be played with the body weight towards the front. An effective forehand either produces a winner or is so good that the opponent produces a weak return which allows you to put the ball

Health Benefits of Playing Tennis

Tennis is known as a gentleman’s game because it was played by nobility and the elite, in the days gone by. Today, tennis is one of the most popular individual sports globally, and is played by people of all age groups. Besides the thrill and spirit of competition provided by a game of tennis, it also offers physical and mental health benefits. Let’s get to know the array of health advantages of playing tennis.

Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Problems
A game of tennis involves a great deal of quick aerobic movements resulting in increased heart rate and metabolic function. These enhanced energy levels help lower high blood pressure and cholesterol, and eventually heart-related risks.

Aerobic exercises increase the blood circulation throughout the body, in order to increase the flow of oxygen. This process strengthens and keeps the heart muscles healthy.

Improves Bone Health
A 30-minute game of tennis can go a long way in improving the conditioning of the bones. Strenuous exercise, as well as the type of exercises where you have to work your body against gravity is an excellent way to strengthen your bones.

Studies carried out by the National Institutes of Health indicate that bone mass of both men and women begins to reduce after the age of 30. Hence, the only way one can prevent or slow down its decline is by exercising regularly before you reach your peak age. The NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center states that at least half an hour of daily exercise, such as playing tennis, helps in preventing osteoporosis.

Burns Calories
Being a fast-paced sport, tennis requires one to stay alert at all times. It involves a great deal of calorie-burning activities like sprinting, swinging, and jumping. For an active play of 1 hour, the calories burned are as follows:

If the weight

History of Swimming

Who doesn’t love to plunge into the cool water of a swimming pool to beat the scorching heat of a summer’s day! Swimming is one of the best ways to relax after a long week at work and even serves as a wonderful means of exercise. Swimming helps us burn amazing amounts of calories and also helps increase the flexibility of one’s body. We’ve been swimming all our lives, however, how much do we know about its genesis and history?

History of Swimming

The earliest recordings of swimming can be traced all the way back to 7000 years ago, where the Stone Age paintings clearly implied that swimming was practiced at that time. Moreover, historic books (from 2000 BC) that give written accounts of swimming are Gilgamesh, the Iliad, the Odyssey, the Bible (Ezekiel 47:5, Isaiah 25:11, Acts 27:42) and Beowulf. However, the style of swimming prevalent at that time is unknown. The popularity of swimming apparently grew in the Middle Ages. In 1538, a German professor of languages, Nicolas Wynman wrote the first book on swimming; ‘Colymbetes’. The Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports states that swimming was also required of knights, and the Romans regarded swimming pools as places for exercise and recreation.

Genesis of Organized Swimming

It was in the 1800s that organized swimming emerged. This time period viewed the formation of various swimming associations that organized swimming competitions. In fact, there have been records of swimming clubs set up in countries like the US, England, France, and Germany during that time. The English are believed to be the first modern society to consider swimming as a sport. The National Swimming Society in England organized swimming competitions that were conducted in London’s six artificial pools. Mathew Webb’s swim across the English Channel further increased the sport’s popularity. Later in 1886, a

Triathlon Swimming Technique

Triathlon is an athletic event which has endurance sports comprising swimming, cycling, and running. All these three have to be done back-to-back, over different distances, with time transitions between them. Swimming, as mentioned, is a major component of a triathlon. The core aim and objective of a triathlon athlete, while he or she is swimming, is to conserve as much energy as possible. That is done by not using the legs as vigorously as swimmers do in normal swimming events. Moreover, here, they need to save energy for a longer swim.

The Proper Technique

Hand Entry
The entry refers to how the swimmer’s hand comes in front upon entering the water. The correct technique, is that the hand has to be at a 45-degree angle when entering the water. Moreover, the body should ideally roll side to side partially.

This is a very important aspect for the right entry into the water, known as catch. In this, the swimmer gets hold of the water, ready to pull and push the water back. Eventually, he will go ahead.

Using a high elbow, your hand and forearm begins to pull the water. The pulling propels you forward. You need to make sure that you have a high elbow. Though, this technique will seem awkward at first.

This refers to getting all the water mass gathered after you have pulled, and then push it back. This will propel you ahead.

Finally, recovery is the way a swimmer’s arm gets from the last action of pulling back to entry. This is based on trial and error, as it depends on an individual swimmer. It can either be a high elbow and relaxed forearm entry, or a huge circle.

Useful Tips

– You should preferably keep looking straight down when swimming freestyle.

Basic Swimming Technique

After taking charge of a pupil interested in learning swimming, a coach or instructor, first of all, imparts common knowledge about breathing and strokes to him. Depending on how fast and easily the student can master them, he, sort of, comes to understand how fast the training should progress.

Basic Freestyle Swimming

The freestyle stroke is the most basic stroke that each and every swimmer starts off with. Depending on his style of teaching, the instructor may want his pupil to practice the stroke directly in the pool, or on land itself by going through the motion of the stroke. In certain cases, mock practicing a swimming stroke on land can be very useful, as the pupil has only to concentrate on executing it, and there is no water to be dealt with. Showing videos while explaining the proper technique is also a useful practice.

– Lie on your stomach in the water and position both the arms in front. Move one hand in the downward direction to push the water away. Do it as if you are trying to chase the water with your palm, and keep the fingers joined together.
– Continue to swing the hand so that it passes the thigh and exits the water.
– Let it swing above the head and come in front, till it touches the other hand which then starts its motion.
– While doing this, let the hands be relaxed and not stiff when they enter the water.
– When the hand touches the thigh, turn the head simultaneously and steal a breath.
– It is also important to use the thigh muscles to kick or flutter the legs, so as to aid the hands in gaining momentum through the water.

The Backstroke

The backstroke is yet another swimming stroke

Swimming Workouts for Runners

For numerous times, you must have heard and read that swimming is one of the best activities and exercises for human beings. Swimming helps in toning a maximum number of muscles in the body, which helps in losing weight and having a healthy and fit body. Let us take a look at the advantages of swim workouts for athletes.

Benefits of Swimming Workouts

There is a lot debate on which workout is the best, swimming or running. However, swimming is recommended for runners as a workout routine for several benefits. You must be thinking that swim workouts are recommended only to triathletes who take part in the triathlon. Although triathletes are recommended to go for these workouts, other runners can also go for these workouts due to the numerous benefits they provide. The following are the benefits of swim workouts for runners:

Firstly, it is said that running everyday for a longer period of time and a long distance is not recommended. Runners should get sufficient amount of rest everyday, which sometimes is 1-2 days. But as they need to exercise regularly, they can opt for swimming in alternate days.
Secondly, swimming is not as high impact an exercise as running and hence, can be safely opted by runners. The runners will also not be bored by alternating workouts into swimming and running.
Thirdly, good swimming workouts are useful in developing lung capacity of runners and also strengthening core muscles. The combination of running and swimming together has found to help in improving the running and overall strength of runners. However, it is essential to learn the proper swimming technique to get maximum benefit.

Best Swimming Workouts for Athletes

Workout 1

– 5 x 50m sprint freestyle with any stroke
– Rest 20-30 seconds between each repeat
– 5 x 100m sprints with any stroke

Back Crawl Swimming Technique

The back crawl is a swimming technique commonly referred to by the name back stroke. It is the swimming technique which allows to move at the fastest speed while in a backward motion. It is the only standard technique approved by Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) for moving backwards. A similar technique which makes use of back stroke is the ‘upside down butterfly’. In this form of butterfly technique, both hands move together unlike the alternating motion of back stroke. Let us understand more about back crawl, one of the basic swimming strokes through this article.

Technique for Back Crawl Swimming

The breast stroke also is one of the important swimming techniques along with the backstroke, front crawl and freestyle. In back crawl swimming, the swimmer faces the side of swimming pool. One should hold on to the sides with both hands. Legs need to be bent at the knees and curled up. The feet have to be placed on the side wall.

– The swimmer should start the back crawl movement by thrusting the body into the water and keeping it parallel to the surface. The head should be submerged in water up to the level that reaches corners of eyes.
– The first few meters should be covered without moving the hands. A flutter kick helps in covering this short distance after which the back crawl swimming strokes need to be used. The flutter kick is performed without bending knees.
– The arm strokes are divided into two phases i.e. the power phase and recovery phase. The power phase in turn is formed of ‘catch’ and ‘mid-pull’ phase. Let us understand more about these phases through following instructions.
– At the beginning of power phase, arms need to be kept at the side of our

Does Swimming Help to Increase Height?

Is your child short as compared to other kids in his class? Are you always on the look out for measures that you can take to help your child grow a little taller? Well you are not the only one there. There are a number of mothers out there, who are worried about the short stature of their child. When one asks, how to increase height, one of the most common answers is with help of swimming. This brings us to the next question, can swimming actually help to increase height. Although it is true that genetics has a role to play, with a height increase program it is indeed possible to increase the height. The height increase program should aim to strengthen the core muscles, improve posture and also help the body to release the growth hormones in the blood stream. Well to answer the question about swimming, yes it is indeed possible to increase height with swimming.

How Does Swimming Help to Increase Height?

In the stretching techniques to grow taller, swimming is an important technique. It helps in stretching the spine as well as the entire body. One of the useful swimming stroke useful for increasing the height is the breaststroke. When one does the breaststroke, the legs are extending out straight behind the body, while the arms are extended out straight in front. In other words, the body is pulled in two opposite directions, which helps in stretching the spine as well as the body. Other than the breaststroke, there are other swimming styles, which also prove to be of help. Some of the examples, include backstroke, dog paddle, butterfly, crawl, etc.

There is another reason, why swimming proves to be of help in increasing height. When one is swimming the water in the pool neutralizes the effects of

Popular Surfing Competitions

History of Surfing
Surfing was developed originally by the Polynesians, and when they migrated to Hawaii, they brought the sport along with them. By the time Captain Cook arrived in Hawaii, surfing had become deeply embedded in the local culture. Hawaiian chiefs were required to display their surfing prowess, and the kahuna chanted prayers to bless the surfboard and the surfers. Captain James King, who became the captain of the Discovery after Cook’s death, wrote about surfing in the ship’s log. This was the first written record of surfing by a white man. The Hawaiians, who did not have a written script, had recorded their surfing history in songs and chants.

The advent of white men took a toll on Hawaiian culture, and surfing lost its significance. By 1905, when some local youth in Waikiki formed a surfing club, there were very few Hawaiian surfers. In 1907, Jack London, the celebrated author of ‘The Call of the Wild’, ‘White Fang’, and ‘The Sea Wolf’, came to stay in Waikiki, and met up with the local surfers. Two in particular, the journalist Alexander Hume Ford and the Irish-Hawaiian surfer George Freeth, particular impressed him, and he wrote about them and surfing in his article ‘A Royal Sport: Surfing in Waikiki’, which was published in The Lady’s Home Companion’ in October 1907, and included in ‘The Cruise of the Snark’ in 1911.

The real estate magnate, Henry Huntington, read London’s article, and hit on the idea of inviting George Freeth to California to give a surfing demonstration as a promotional stunt for the Redondo-Los Angeles Railway. This demonstration was watched by thousands, and inspired many Californians to take up surfing themselves. Meanwhile, back in Hawaii, Alexander Hume Ford was trying to get the Queen Emma Estate to grant a land for the surfers’ club.

Learning How to Surf

The two basic steps in surfing are ‘paddling’ and ‘standing up’. Surfboards are designed in such a way that they float on water. The technique of surfing is such that the surfboard must remain over the water in the same way as it would be without the surfer’s weight. The only difference should be that the surfboard dips a bit lower in the water.

The Steps Involved

Paddling must be done at approximately the same speed as that of the incoming wave. A surfboard can be paddled wherever there is water. While paddling, lift the head and bend the arms at the elbows at around 90 degrees. Cup the hands and flick the wrist. Move the arms past the hip. This point is the power of the paddle. The wave can be caught successfully by a couple of paddles.

Initially, paddling has to be practiced in a swimming pool or a river. First, it is necessary to balance on the surfboard and complete one paddle, before beginning the next one. As the speed of the paddle increases, it would facilitate in catching the beach waves quickly. After 20 paddles, a rest of one minute is essential. This pattern must be repeated till there is weariness. Continuous practice in a swimming pool or a river must be coupled by observation of good surfers. Novices must strive to imitate veterans who are good. Then, when the real thing is attempted, they would be better equipped for wave catching.

Standing Up
To learn standing up, the surfer has to practice 100-meter running starts. Initially, he must lie on the floor. Then, press the floor using the hands and climb up. Further, a race start must be done. This routine has to be repeated around ten times.

The stance is the